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Characterization of the biosynthetic gene cluster (ata) for the A201A aminonucleoside antibiotic from Saccharothrix mutabilis subsp. capreolus

AuthorsSaugar, Irene ; Molloy, Brian; Sanz, Eloísa; Sánchez, María B.; Fernández-Lobato, María; Jiménez, Antonio
Issue Date12-Oct-2017
CitationThe Journal of Antibiotics 70: 404- 413 (2017)
AbstractAntibiotic A201A produced by Saccharothrix mutabilis subsp. capreolus NRRL3817 contains an aminonucleoside (N 6, N 6 -dimethyl-3′-amino-3′-deoxyadenosyl), a polyketide (α-methyl-p-coumaric acid) and a disaccharide moiety. The heterologous expression in Streptomyces lividans and Streptomyces coelicolor of a S. mutabilis genomic region of ∼34 kb results in the production of A201A, which was identified by microbiological, biochemical and physicochemical approaches, and indicating that this region may contain the entire A201A biosynthetic gene cluster (ata). The analysis of the nucleotide sequence of the fragment reveals the presence of 32 putative open reading frames (ORF), 28 of which according to boundary gene inactivation experiments are likely to be sufficient for A201A biosynthesis. Most of these ORFs could be assigned to the biosynthesis of the antibiotic three structural moieties. Indeed, five ORFs had been previously implicated in the biosynthesis of the aminonucleoside moiety, at least nine were related to the biosynthesis of the polyketide (ata-PKS1-ataPKS4, ata18, ata19, ata2, ata4 and ata7) and six were associated with the synthesis of the disaccharide (ata12, ata13, ata16, ata17, ata5 and ata10) moieties. In addition to AtaP5, three putative methyltransferase genes are also found in the ata cluster (Ata6, Ata8 and Ata11), and no regulatory genes were found.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/ja.2016.123
issn: 1881-1469
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