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The Guajira upwelling system

AutorAndrade, Carlos Alberto; Barton, Eric D.
Palabras claveUpwelling
Low-level jet
Remote sensing
Aeolian transport
Fecha de publicación25-feb-2005
CitaciónContinental Shelf Research 25(9): 1003-1022 (2005)
ResumenThe coastal upwelled waters of the Guajira coast, the most northerly peninsula of South America, were studied on the basis of historical data bases, remotely sensed data, and three oceanographic cruises. The Guajira Peninsula is the locus of particularly strong upwelling because it protrudes into the Caribbean Low-Level Wind Jet and its west coast parallels the direction of the strongest winds. The year-round upwelling varies with the wind forcing: strongest in December–March and July, and weakest in the October–November rainy season. The east–west temperature, salinity and density front that delimits the upwelling lies over the shelf edge in the east of the peninsula but separates from the south-westward trending topography to the west. A coastal westward surface jet geostrophically adjusted to the upwelling flows along the front, and an eastward sub-surface counterflow is trapped against the Guajira continental slope. The undercurrent shoals toward the western limit of the upwelling, Santa Marta, beyond which point it extends to the surface. Some of the westward jet re-circulates inshore with the counterflow but part continues directly west to form an upwelling filament. Much of the mesoscale variation is associated with upwelling filaments, which expel cooler, chlorophyll-rich coastal upwelling waters westward and northward into the Caribbean Sea. Freshwater plumes from the Magdalena and Orinoco rivers influence the area strongly, and outflow from Lake Maracaibo interacts directly with upwelled waters off Guajira. Another important factor is the Aeolian input of dust from the Guajira desert by episodes of offshore winds.
Descripción20 pages, 14 figures.-- Printed version published Jun 2005.-- Erratum to the paper (omitted acknoledgements) published in Continental Shelf Research 25(12-13): 1629 (Aug 2005), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2005.04.005
Full-text version available Open Access at: http://www.iim.csic.es/~barton/html/pdfs.html
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2004.12.012
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