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Title

DNA end resection requires constitutive sumoylation of CtIP by CBX4

AuthorsSoria-Bretones, Isabel; Cepeda-García, Cristina ; Checa-Rodriguez, Cintia; Heyer, Vincent; Reina-San-Martin, Bernardo; Soutoglou, Evi; Huertas Sánchez, Pablo
Issue Date2017
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationNature Communications 8(1): 113 (2017)
AbstractDNA breaks are complex DNA lesions that can be repaired by two alternative mechanisms: non-homologous end-joining and homologous recombination. The decision between them depends on the activation of the DNA resection machinery, which blocks non-homologous end-joining and stimulates recombination. On the other hand, post-translational modifications play a critical role in DNA repair. We have found that the SUMO E3 ligase CBX4 controls resection through the key factor CtIP. Indeed, CBX4 depletion impairs CtIP constitutive sumoylation and DNA end processing. Importantly, mutating lysine 896 in CtIP recapitulates the CBX4-depletion phenotype, blocks homologous recombination and increases genomic instability. Artificial fusion of CtIP and SUMO suppresses the effects of both the non-sumoylatable CtIP mutant and CBX4 depletion. Mechanistically, CtIP sumoylation is essential for its recruitment to damaged DNA. In summary, sumoylation of CtIP at lysine 896 defines a subpopulation of the protein that is involved in DNA resection and recombination.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00183-6
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/165501
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00183-6
e-issn: 2041-1723
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