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dc.contributor.authorSanjuán, Yasminaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorArnáez, Josées_ES
dc.contributor.authorBeguería, Santiagoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorLana-Renault, Noemíes_ES
dc.contributor.authorLasanta Martínez, Teodoroes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGómez-Villar, Ameliaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez-Martínez, Javieres_ES
dc.contributor.authorCoba-Pérez, Pazes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Ruiz, José Maríaes_ES
dc.identifier.citationSanjuán Y, Arnáez J, Beguería S, Lana-Renault N, Lasanta T, Gómez-Villar A, Álvarez-Martínez J, Coba-Pérez P, García-Ruiz JM. Woody plant encroachment following grazing abandonment in the subalpine belt: a case study in northern Spain. Regional Environmental Change 18 (4): 1103–1115 (2018)es_ES
dc.description31 Pags.- 4 Tabls- 6 Figs. The definitive version is available at: https://link.springer.com/journal/10113es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe montane and subalpine belts in European mountains were affected by intense land use/land cover changes during the twentieth century. In the case of the subalpine belt, most European mountains were affected by complex deforestation processes from Neolithic times, leading to the expansion of summer grasslands to support grazing by transhumant sheep and goats flocks. This resulted in an altitudinal reduction of the tree line and the occurrence of severe soil erosion and shallow landsliding. The intense livestock pressure over centuries explains why the landscape remained without major change until the middle of the twentieth century. Since then, depopulation, land abandonment, and the disappearance of the transhumant system have resulted in a marked decline in livestock numbers and subsequent encroachment of shrubs and trees in the subalpine belt. The Urbión Mountains (Iberian Range, northern Spain) provides one of the clearest examples in the Iberian Peninsula, where there was intense deforestation since the Neolithic period to enlarge the area of subalpine summer grasslands. The recent reversal of this situation in the last decades led to (i) a marked trend to dense forest, which resulted in an average 200 m altitudinal advance, and (ii) the spatial contraction of shrublands, which have been replaced by dense forest in the highest areas. Changes will continue in the future, possibly enhanced by global warming.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipSupport for this research was provided by the projects ESPAS (CGL2015-65569-R) and INDICA (CGL2011-27753-C02- 01 and -02), funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.es_ES
dc.subjectWoody encroachmentes_ES
dc.subjectSubalpine beltes_ES
dc.subjectLand use/land cover changeses_ES
dc.subjectLand abandonmenes_ES
dc.titleWoody plant encroachment following grazing abandonment in the subalpine belt: a case study in northern Spaines_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Economía y Competitividad (España)es_ES
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