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Fabrication of 3D printed objects with controlled surface chemistry and topography

AuthorsVargas-Alfredo, Nelson; Reinecke, Helmut ; Gallardo, Alberto ; Campo, Adolfo del; Rodríguez-Hernández, Juan
KeywordsFused deposition modeling
Porous surface
Additive manufacturing
Breath figures
Chemical surface treatment
Issue Date2018
CitationEuropean Polymer Journal 98: 21-27 (2018)
AbstractWe describe a novel strategy to modify the surface topography as well as the chemical composition of 3D parts fabricated by additive manufacturing. The 3D objects were fabricated by fused deposition modeling (FDM) using styrene filaments. The surface of the objects was then topographically modified providing materials with porous surfaces by means of the Breath Figures approach. By immersion of the object in a chloroform/polystyrene solution during few seconds and evaporation in a controlled humidity chamber, 3D objects decorated with pores over the entire surfaces could be prepared. Moreover, this approach permitted the modification of the pore size as a function of the immersion time as well as the solution concentration. Finally, the porous surface was modified by using a chemical treatment with chlorosulfonic acid. The created chlorosulfonyl groups were used to anchor different chemical compounds to the 3D object with the subsequent change of their surface properties.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2017.10.033
issn: 0014-3057
e-issn: 1873-1945
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