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Coherent scatter-controlled phase-change grating structures in silicon using femtosecond laser pulses

AuthorsFuentes-Edfuf, Yasser ; García-Lechuga, Mario ; Puerto, D. ; Florian, Camilo ; García-Leis, Adianez ; Sánchez-Cortés, Santiago ; Solís Céspedes, Javier ; Siegel, Jan
Issue Date4-Jul-2017
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationScientific Reports 7: 4594 (2017)
AbstractPeriodic structures of alternating amorphous-crystalline fringes have been fabricated in silicon using repetitive femtosecond laser exposure (800 nm wavelength and 120 fs duration). The method is based on the interference of the incident laser light with far- and near-field scattered light, leading to local melting at the interference maxima, as demonstrated by femtosecond microscopy. Exploiting this strategy, lines of highly regular amorphous fringes can be written. The fringes have been characterized in detail using optical microscopy combined modelling, which enables a determination of the three-dimensional shape of individual fringes. 2D micro-Raman spectroscopy reveals that the space between amorphous fringes remains crystalline. We demonstrate that the fringe period can be tuned over a range of 410 nm - 13 μm by changing the angle of incidence and inverting the beam scan direction. Fine control over the lateral dimensions, thickness, surface depression and optical contrast of the fringes is obtained via adjustment of pulse number, fluence and spot size. Large-area, highly homogeneous gratings composed of amorphous fringes with micrometer width and millimeter length can readily be fabricated. The here presented fabrication technique is expected to have applications in the fields of optics, nanoelectronics, and mechatronics and should be applicable to other materials.
Description12 pags., 12 figs. -- Open Access funded by Creative Commons Atribution Licence 4.0
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-04891-3
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/s41598-017-04891-3
issn: 2045-2322
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