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Weeds and ground-dwelling predators′ response to two different weed management systems in glyphosate-tolerant cotton: A farm-scale study

AuthorsGarcía-Ruiz, Esteban; Loureiro, Íñigo; Farinós, Gema P. ; Gómez, P.; Gutiérrez, Elena ; Sánchez, Francisco Javier; Escorial, María Concepción; Ortego, Félix ; Chueca, María Cristina; Castañera, Pedro
Issue Date19-Jan-2018
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS ONE 13(1): e0191408 (2018)
AbstractThe use of glyphosate, as a post-emergence broad-spectrum herbicide in genetically modified glyphosate-tolerant (GT) cotton, supposes a big change in weed management programs with respect to a conventional regime. Thus, alterations in arable flora and arthropod fauna must be considered when evaluating their potential impacts. A 3-year farm-scale study was conducted in a 2-ha GT cotton crop, in southern Spain, to compare the effects of conventional and glyphosate herbicide regimes on weed abundance and diversity and their consequences for ground-dwelling predators. Surveys reveal that weed density was relatively low within all treatments with a few dominant species, with significantly higher weed densities and modifications of the floristic composition in glyphosate-treated plots that led to an increase in the abundance of Portulaca oleracea and to a reduction in plant diversity. The activity-density of the main predatory arthropod taxa (spiders, ground beetles, rove beetles and earwigs) varied among years, but no significant differences were obtained between conventional and glyphosate herbicide regimes. However, significant differences between treatments were obtained for ground beetles species richness and diversity, being higher under the glyphosate herbicide regime, and a positive correlation with weed density could be established for both parameters. The implications of these findings to weed control in GT cotton are discussed.
Description18 p.-3 fig.-7 tab.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191408
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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