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Title

Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī’s (d. 321/933) theory of ‘states’ (aḥwāl) and its adaption by Ashʿarite theologians

AuthorsThiele, Jan
KeywordsḤāl
Attributes
Muʿtazila
Ashʿariyya
Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī
Bahshamiyya
al-Bāqillānī
al-Juwaynī
Issue Date2016
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationThe Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology 22: 364-383 (2016)
AbstractThis chapter discusses the notion of ‘states’ (aḥwāl) in Muʿtazilite and Ashʿarite theology. The concept was borrowed from linguistics by the Muʿtazilite theologian Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī (d. 321/933). It helped him to explain the nature of God’s attributes without asserting the existence of co-eternal beings in God. The conception of attributes as ‘states’ became a central doctrine among Abū Hāshim’s followers, the so-called Bahshamiyya school. The theory of aḥwāl was first rejected by Ashʿarite theologians. With Abū Bakr al-Bāqillānī (d. 403/1013), however, an important representative of the school eventually came to use the term within the framework of his theory of attributes. Later, Abu l-Maʿālī al-Juwaynī (d. 478/1085–6) also followed al-Bāqillānī in adopting the notion of ḥāl.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199696703.013.021
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/157859
DOI10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199696703.013.021
ISBN9780199696703
Appears in Collections:(CCHS-ILC) Libros y partes de libros
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