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Chemometric and chemoinformatic analyses of anabolic and androgenic activities of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone analogues

AuthorsAlvarez-Ginarte, Y. M.; Crespo-Otero, R.; Marrero-Ponce, Y.; Noheda Marín, Pedro ; García de la Vega, J. M.; Montero-Cabrera, L. A.; Ruiz García, J. A.; Caldera-Luzardo, J. A.; Alvarado, Y. J.
KeywordsQuantum and physicochemical molecular descriptor
Genetic algorithm
Testosterone and dihydrotestosterone steroid analogues
Anabolic and androgenic activities
QSAR model
Issue Date2008
CitationBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 16: 6448-6459 (2008)
AbstractPredictive quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models of anabolic and androgenic activities for the testosterone and dihydrotestosterone steroid analogues were obtained by means of multiple linear regression using quantum and physicochemical molecular descriptors (MD) as well as a genetic algorithm for the selection of the best subset of variables. Quantitative models found for describing the anabolic (androgenic) activity are significant from a statistical point of view: R2 of 0.84 (0.72 and 0.70). A leave-one-out cross-validation procedure revealed that the regression models had a fairly good predictability [q2 of 0.80 (0.60 and 0.59)]. In addition, other QSAR models were developed to predict anabolic/androgenic (A/A) ratios and the best regression equation explains 68% of the variance for the experimental values of AA ratio and has a rather adequate q2 of 0.51. External validation, by using test sets, was also used in each experiment in order to evaluate the predictive power of the obtained models. The result shows that these QSARs have quite good predictive abilities (R2 of 0.90, 0.72 (0.55), and 0.53) for anabolic activity, androgenic activity, and A/A ratios, respectively. Last, a Williams plot was used in order to define the domain of applicability of the models as a squared area within ±2 band for residuals and a leverage threshold of h = 0.16. No apparent outliers were detected and the models can be used with high accuracy in this applicability domain. MDs included in our QSAR models allow the structural interpretation of the biological process, evidencing the main role of the shape of molecules, hydrophobicity, and electronic properties. Attempts were made to include lipophilicity (octanol-water partition coefficient (log P)) and electronic (hardness (η)) values of the whole molecules in the multivariate relations. It was found from the study that the log P of molecules has positive contribution to the anabolic and androgenic activities and high values of η produce unfavorable effects. The found MDs can also be efficiently used in similarity studies based on cluster analysis. Our model for the anabolic/androgenic ratio (expressed by weight of levator ani muscle, LA, and seminal vesicle, SV, in mice) predicts that the 2-aminomethylene-17α-methyl-17β-hydroxy-5α-androstan-3- one (43) compound is the most potent anabolic steroid, and the 17α-methyl-2β,17β-dihydroxy-5α-androstane (31) compound is the least potent one of this series. The approach described in this report is an alternative for the discovery and optimization of leading anabolic compounds among steroids and analogues. It also gives an important role to electron exchange terms of molecular interactions to this kind of steroid activity.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2008.04.001
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2008.04.001
issn: 0968-0896
e-issn: 1464-3391
Appears in Collections:(IQOG) Artículos
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