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Título

The spread of agriculture in northern Iberia: new archaeobotanical data from El Mirón cave (Cantabria) and the open-air site of Los Cascajos (Navarra)

Autor Peña-Chocarro, Leonor; Zapata, Lydia; García Gazólaz, Jesús; González Morales. Manuel; Sesma Sesma, Jesús; Straus, Lawrence G.
Palabras clave Neolithic
Northern Spain
Early agriculture
Leaf fodder
Burials
Fecha de publicación 2005
EditorSpringer
Citación Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 14: 268–278 (2005)
ResumenThis paper presents archaeobotanical results from the Neolithic levels (5,300–4,000 b.c.) of two recently excavated sites in northern Iberia: El Mirón cave (Cantabria) and the open-air site of Los Cascajos (Navarra). A cereal grain from El Mirón is currently the earliest domesticated plant remain from this region. Despite the large number of samples examined, plant remains are few. They include basically cereals (Triticum monococcum, T. dicoccum, T. aestivum/durum/turgidum and Hordeum vulgare) and some nuts and fruits (Corylus avellana, Quercus sp., Vitis sp., etc.). The presence of free-threshing wheats at El Mirón opens up an interesting subject for debate, as until now naked wheats have been absent from the early Neolithic archaeobotanical record of the coastal Cantabrian region. Hulled wheat chaff is the main plant component from Los Cascajos, south of the Cantabrian Cordillera in Navarra, indicating waste from processing activities. The association of barley almost exclusively with both a burial and a ritual vase in Los Cascajos could be related specific rituals or ceremonies.
Versión del editorhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00334-005-0078-7
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/156256
ISSN0939-6314
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