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dc.contributor.authorAranbarri, J.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorGonzález Sampériz, Penélopees_ES
dc.contributor.authorIriarte, Enekoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMoreno, Anaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorRojo Guerra, Manueles_ES
dc.contributor.authorPeña-Chocarro, Leonores_ES
dc.contributor.authorValero Garcés, Blases_ES
dc.contributor.authorLeunda, Maríaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Prieto, Eduardoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSevilla Callejo, Migueles_ES
dc.contributor.authorGil Romera, Gracielaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMagri, Donatellaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Lázaro, Julioes_ES
dc.identifier.citationPaleo3 436: 41-57 (2015)es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe sedimentological, geochemical and palynological analyses performed in the Conquezuela palaeolake (41°11′N; 2°33′W; 1124 m a.s.l.) provide a detailed, multiproxy palaeoenvironmental reconstruction in one of the key areas of inner Iberian Neolithic colonization. Combined with archaeobotanical and archaeological data from well-dated settlements along the Conquezuela–Ambrona Valley we investigate how environmental conditions may affect both socio-economic adaptations and livelihood strategies of prehistoric communities. The first evidences of early Neolithic occupation in the valley ca. 7250–6450 cal yr BP (5300–4500 BC) coincided with the onset of a period (7540–6200 cal yr BP, 5590–4250 BC) with higher water availability and warmer climate as alluvial environments were substituted by carbonate-wetland environments in the basin. The Conquezuela record supports an early Neolithic colonization of the inner regions of Iberia favored by warmer and humid climate features and with preferential settlement patterns associated to lakes. The maximum human occupation of the valley occurred during the mid–late Neolithic and Chalcolithic (6200–3200 cal yr BP, 4250–1250 BC) as evidenced by the high number of archaeological sites. Although a number of hydrological oscillations have been detected during this period, the intense landscape transformation at basin-scale, leading to a deforested landscape, was largely a consequence of widespread farming and pastoral practices. Socio-economic activities during Bronze, Iron and Roman times modified this inherited landscape, but the second largest ecosystem transformation only occurred during Mediaeval times when a new agrarian landscape developed with the expansion of stockbreeding transhumance. The current vegetation cover characterized by patches of holm and marcescent oaks and fields reflects an intense human management combining both extensive herding with agrarian activities in order to transform the previous forested landscape into a dehesa-like system.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe funding for the present study derives from DINAMO2 (CGL-BOS 2012-33063) and AGRIWESTMED (ERC Grant Agreement #230561) projects, provided by the Spanish Inter-Ministry Commission of Science and Technology (CICYT) and the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013). XRF data were obtained at the XRF Core Scanner Laboratory (CRG Marine Geosciences, University of Barcelona). Josu Aranbarri acknowledges the predoctoral funding provided by the Basque Country Government (ref: FI-2010-5). Graciela Gil-Romera hold a post-doctoral contract funded by “Juan de la Cierva” (ref: JCI2009-04345) program. Eduardo García-Prieto and Maria Leunda are supported by predoctoral FPI grants BES-2010-038593 and BES-2013-063753, respectively.es_ES
dc.relationMINECO/ICTI2013-2016/CGL-BOS 2012-33063es_ES
dc.subjectHuman–environment interactiones_ES
dc.subjectMultiproxy reconstructiones_ES
dc.subjectContinental Iberiaes_ES
dc.titleHuman–landscape interactions in the Conquezuela–Ambrona Valley (Soria, continental Iberia): From the early Neolithic land use to the origin of the current oak woodlandes_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.contributor.funderComisión Interministerial de Ciencia y Tecnología, CICYT (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Research Counciles_ES
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