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Storage in traditional farming communities of the western Mediterranean: Ethnographic, historical and archaeological data

AutorPeña-Chocarro, Leonor ; Pérez Jordá, Guillem ; Morales Mateo, Jacob; Zapata, Lydia
Palabras claveStorage
Western Mediterranean
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorTaylor & Francis
CitaciónEnvironmental Archaeology 20 (4): 379-389 (2015)
ResumenThis paper presents ethnographic, historic and archaeological data from the western Mediterranean in order to explore the variability of storage methods and the various strategies that may have existed in the past in this region. The paper includes ethnographic information on traditional storage methods collected in farming communities in northern Morocco (Rif area). We record the use of plant fibres such as canes (Arundo donax), dwarf palm (Chamaerops humilis), esparto grass (Stipa tenacissima) and dis (Ampelodesmos mauritanica) to make containers. Recipients made of cow dung and unfired clay, as well as underground silos, have been also used in this region to store food. In addition, we explore historical and ethnohistorical data on the use of large storage structures, including the study of communal granaries, a particular type of granary located at inaccessible places, such as cliff faces or mountain tops, or within fortified buildings, from which harvests can be easily protected and defended. We also examine the archaeological evidence of storage strategies in the Iberian Peninsula during prehistoric times. The paper informs of the large variety of systems and materials used, the functioning of storage structures, and more generally, provides a framework for reflecting on the enormous diversity of solutions that could have existed in the past and that may have left little or none archeological traces.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1749631415Y.0000000004
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