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Título

Effects of T-loop modification on the PII-signaling protein: Structure of uridylylated Escherichia coli GlnB bound to ATP

Autor Palanca, Carles ; Rubio, Vicente
Palabras clave PII protein
X-ray crystallography
Signaling
ATase
Glutamine synthetase
Postranslational modification
Fecha de publicación 12-abr-2017
EditorWiley-Blackwell
Citación Environmental Microbiology Reports 9(3):290-299 (2017)
ResumenTo adapt to environments with variable nitrogen sources and richness, the widely distributed homotrimeric PII signalling proteins bind their allosteric effectors ADP/ATP/2-oxoglutarate, and experience nitrogen-sensitive uridylylation of their flexible T-loops at Tyr51, regulating their interactions with effector proteins. To clarify whether uridylylation triggers a given T-loop conformation, we determined the crystal structure of the classical paradigm of PII protein, Escherichia coli GlnB (EcGlnB), in fully uridylylated form (EcGlnB-UMP3 ). This is the first structure of a postranslationally modified PII protein. This required recombinant production and purification of the uridylylating enzyme GlnD and its use for full uridylylation of large amounts of recombinantly produced pure EcGlnB. Unlike crystalline non-uridylylated EcGlnB, in which T-loops are fixed, uridylylation rendered the T-loop highly mobile because of loss of contacts mediated by Tyr51, with concomitant abolition of T-loop anchoring via Arg38 on the ATP site. This site was occupied by ATP, providing the first, long-sought snapshot of the EcGlnB-ATP complex, connecting ATP binding with T-loop changes. Inferences are made on the mechanisms of PII selectivity for ATP and of PII-UMP3 signalling, proposing a model for the architecture of the complex of EcGlnB-UMP3 with the uridylylation-sensitive PII target ATase (which adenylylates/deadenylylates glutamine synthetase [GS]) and with GS.
Descripción 10 páginas, 3 figuras, 1 tabla
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1758-2229.12533
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/155078
DOI10.1111/1758-2229.12533
E-ISSN1758-2229
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