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Insulin-like growth factor I treatment for cerebellar ataxia: Addressing a common pathway in the pathological cascade?

AutorFernandez, A. M.; Carro, E. M.; López-López, C.; Torres Alemán, Ignacio
Palabras claveCerebellar ataxia Insulin-like growth factor I Neurodegeneration Neurotrophic factor Therapy
Fecha de publicación2005
CitaciónBrain Research Reviews 50: 134- 141 (2005)
ResumenIn the present work we review evidence supporting the use of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) for treatment of cerebellar ataxia, a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases of low incidence but high societal impact. Most types of ataxia display not only motor discoordination, but also additional neurological problems including peripheral nerve dysfunctions. Therefore, a feasible therapy should combine different strategies aimed to correct the various disturbances specific for each type of ataxia. For cerebellar deficits, and most probably also for other types of brain deficits, the use of a wide-spectrum neuroprotective factor such as IGF-I may prove beneficial. Intriguingly, both ataxic animals as well as human patients show altered serum IGF-I levels. While the pathogenic significance of IGF-I, if any, in this varied group of diseases is difficult to envisage, disrupted IGF-I neuroprotective signaling may constitute a common stage in the pathological cascade associated to neuronal death. Indeed, treatment with IGF-I has proven effective in animal models of ataxia. Based on this pre-clinical evidence we propose that IGF-I should be tested in clinical trials of cerebellar ataxia in those cases where either serum IGF-I deficiency (as in primary cerebellar atrophy) or loss of sensitivity to IGF-I (as in ataxia telangiectasia) has been reported. Taking advantage of the widely protective and anabolic actions of IGF-I on peripheral tissues, this neurotrophic factor may provide additional therapeutic advantages for many of the disturbances commonly associated to ataxia such as cardiopathy, muscle wasting, or immune dysfunction. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.brainresrev.2005.05.003
issn: 0165-0173
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