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Open Access item Environmental influences on zooplankton and micronekton distribution in the Bransfield Strait and adjacent waters

Authors:Catalán, Ignacio Alberto
Morales-Nin, Beatriz
Company, Joan B.
Rotllant, Guiomar
Palomera, Isabel
Emelianov, Mikhail
Keywords:Antarctica, Fish larvae and juveniles, Salps, Krill, Distribution, Abundance, Size structure, Hydrography, Density front, Segregation
Issue Date:25-Jan-2008
Publisher:Springer
Citation:Polar Biology 31(6): 691-707 (2008)
Abstract:The spatial distribution, biomass and size structure of key mesozooplankton species and micronekton in the Bransfield Strait (Antarctica) are described in relation to environmental variables during the austral summer 2001. Stratified (BIONESS) biological sampling at five depth-ranges and CTD casts were performed at 40 stations, including a cross-Strait transect. Six families, 11 genera and 16 species composed the total catch of larval and juvenile fish, which were more abundant in the upper 75 m. Trematomus scotti was the most abundant fish and large individuals dominated at depths >75 m. The fish distribution patterns were associated with the main water masses in the area and with bottom depth. Spatial segregation in density and biomass of krill (Euphausia superba) and salps (Salpa thompsoni) was observed at a relatively small scale, in relation to the main water masses. Also, size-related spatial segregation was found in krill. The present study suggests that the spatial distribution of krill, salps and early life stages of fish, are influenced by the main water masses in the Strait, and that species may adapt their reproductive strategies not only to seasonal production peaks, but to transport processes within water bodies that maximise their fitness through optimum temperature and/or trophic environments.
Description:17 pages, 12 figures, 4 tables.-- Printed version published May 2008.-- Full-text version available Open Access at: http://www.icm.csic.es/files/oce/almacen/papers/AR-2008-02.pdf
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00300-008-0408-1
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/15502
ISSN:0722-4060 (Print)
1432-2056 (Online)
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