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Properties of synaptically evoked astrocyte calcium signal reveal synaptic information processing by astrocytes

AuthorsPerea, Gertrudis ; Araque, Alfonso
KeywordsAstrocytes Intracellular calcium Neurotransmitter release Glutamate Synaptic activity Neuronglia interaction
Issue Date2005
PublisherSociety for Neuroscience
CitationJournal of Neuroscience 25: 2192- 2203 (2005)
AbstractThe synaptic control of the astrocytic intracellular Ca2+ is crucial in the reciprocal astrocyte-neuron communication. Using electrophysiological and Ca2+ imaging techniques in rat hippocampal slices, we investigated the astrocytic Ca2+ signal modulation induced by synaptic terminals that use glutamate andacetylcholine. Ca2+ elevations were evoked by glutamate released from Schaffer collaterals and by acetylcholine, but not glutamate, released by alveus stimulation, indicating that astrocytes discriminate the activity of different synapses belonging to different axon pathways. The Ca2+ signal was modulated bidirectionally by simultaneous activation of both pathways, being depressed at high stimulation frequencies and enhanced at low frequencies. The Ca 2+ modulation was attributable to astrocytic intrinsic properties, occurred at discrete regions of the processes, and controlled the intracellular expansion of the Ca2+ signal. In turn, astrocyte Ca2+ signal elicited NMDA receptor-mediated currents in pyramidal neurons. Therefore, because astrocytes discriminate and integrate synaptic information, we propose that they can be considered as cellular elements involved in the information processing by the nervous system. Copyright © 2005 Society for Neuroscience.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3965-04.2005
issn: 0270-6474
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