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Mechanical Properties and Dimensional Effects of ZnO- and SnO2-Based Varistors

AuthorsRamírez, Miguel A.; Rubio Marcos, Fernando ; Fernández Lozano, José Francisco ; Lengauer, Markus; Bueno, Paulo Roberto
Issue Date24-Jul-2009
AbstractA comparison between traditional ZnO-(modified Matsuoka system, [ZnO]) and SnO2-based varistors (98.9%SnO211% CoO10.05%Nb2O510.05%Cr2O3, [SCNCr]) regarding their mechanical properties, finite element (FE) modeling, and macroscopic response with current pulse is presented in this work. The experimental values of the elastic (static and dynamic) modulus and bending strength are given. Both the static and the dynamic modulus were two times higher for SnO2 (B200 GPa) with respect to ZnO (B100 GPa). A similar behavior was found for the bending strength, confirming the superior mechanical properties of SCNCr associated with a homogeneous microstructure. The finite element analyses yielded the most appropriate thickness/diameter aspect ratio (H/D), while thermomechanical stress is minimized. The values of (H/D) were lower for the SCNCr in comparison with the ZnO-based varistors, allowing the production of smaller pieces that can resist the same thermomechanical stress. Finally, preliminary analyses of the macroscopic failures for samples treated with degradation pulses of 8/20-ls type allowed to confirm the absence of failures due to cracking and/or puncture in the SCNCr. The absence of these failures originates from the good thermomechanical properties
Publisher version (URL)10.1111/j.1551-2916.2008.02568.x
Appears in Collections:(ICV) Artículos
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