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Title

Chemistry and phase evolution during roasting of toxic thallium-bearing pyrite

AuthorsLópez-Arce, Paula ; García-Guinea, Javier ; Garrido, Fernando
KeywordsEnvironmental pollution
Riotinto mine
Iron oxides wastes
Roasting
Tl-bearing pyrite
Thallium
Issue DateAug-2017
PublisherElsevier
CitationChemosphere 181: 447-460 (2017)
AbstractIn the frame of a research project on microscopic distribution and speciation of geogenic thallium (Tl) from contaminated mine soils, Tl-bearing pyrite ore samples from Riotinto mining district (Huelva, SW Spain) were experimentally fired to simulate a roasting process. Concentration and volatility behavior of Tl and other toxic heavy metals was determined by quantitative ICP-MS, whereas semi-quantitative mineral phase transitions were identified by in situ thermo X-Ray Diffraction (HT-XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) analyses after each firing temperature. Sample with initial highest amount of quartz (higher Si content), lowest quantity of pyrite and traces of jarosite (lower S content) developed hematite and concentrated Tl (from 10 up to 72 mg kg) after roasting at 900 °C in an oxidizing atmosphere. However, samples with lower or absent quartz content and higher pyrite amount mainly developed magnetite, accumulating Tl between 400 and 500 °C and releasing Tl from 700 up to 900 °C (from 10–29 mg kg down to 4–1 mg kg). These results show the varied accumulative, or volatile, behaviors of one of the most toxic elements for life and environment, in which oxidation of Tl-bearing Fe sulfides produce Fe oxides wastes with or without Tl. The initial chemistry and mineralogy of pyrite ores should be taken into account in coal-fired power stations, cement or sulfuric acid production industry involving pyrite roasting processes, and steel, brick or paint industries, which use iron ore from roasted pyrite ash, where large amounts of Tl entail significant environmental pollution.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/152462
DOI10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.04.109
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.04.109
issn: 1879-1298
Appears in Collections:(MNCN) Artículos
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