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GEM, a member of the GRAM domain family of proteins, is part of the ABA signaling pathway

AuthorsMauri, Nuria; Fernández de Marco, M. del Mar ; Costas, Celina; Desvoyes, Bénédicte ; Pichel, Antonio; Caro, Elena ; Gutiérrez Armenta, Crisanto
Issue Date4-Mar-2016
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationScientific Reports 6 (2016)
AbstractAbscisic acid (ABA) is fundamental for plant development. Multiple factors have been identified that participate in the ABA signaling network, although a role of many proteins still await to be demonstrated. Here we have investigated the role of GEM (GL2 EXPRESSION MODULATOR), originally annotated as an ABA-responsive protein. GEM contains a GRAM domain, a feature shared with other eight Arabidopsis proteins for which we propose the name of GRE (GEM-RELATED) proteins. We found that (i) GEM expression responds to ABA, (ii) its promoter contains ABRE sites required for ABA response, and (iii) GEM expression depends on members of the ABA signaling pathway. This is consistent with the expression pattern of GEM during development in plant locations were ABA is known to play a direct role. We also found that GEM binds various phospholipids, e.g. mono and diphosphates and phosphatidic acid, suggesting a potential link of GEM with membrane-Associated processes. Consistent with this, we found that the phosphoinositol-4-phosphate kinase PIP5K9 binds GEM in vivo. Finally, we demonstrated a role of GEM in seed dormancy. Together, our data led us to propose that GEM is an ABA-responsive protein that may function downstream of ABI5 as part of the ABA signaling pathway.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/srep22660
issn: 2045-2322
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