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Fear-of-intimacy-mediated zinc transport controls the function of zinc-finger transcription factors involved in myogenesis

AuthorsCarrasco-Rando, Marta ; Atienza-Manuel, Alexandra ; Martín, Paloma ; Burke, Richard; Ruiz-Gómez, Mar
Mesoderm development
Zinc-finger transcription factors
ZIP transporters
Issue Date31-Mar-2016
PublisherCompany of Biologists
CitationDevelopment 143: 1948- 1957 (2016)
AbstractZinc is a component of one-tenth of all human proteins. Its cellular concentration is tightly regulated because its dyshomeostasis has catastrophic health consequences. Two families of zinc transporters control zinc homeostasis in organisms, but there is little information about their specific developmental roles. We show that the ZIP transporter Fear-of-intimacy (Foi) is necessary for the formation of Drosophila muscles. In foi mutants, myoblasts segregate normally, but their specification is affected, leading to the formation of a misshapen muscle pattern and distorted midgut. The observed phenotypes could be ascribed to the inactivation of specific zincfinger transcription factors (ZFTFs), supporting the hypothesis that they are a consequence of intracellular depletion of zinc. Accordingly, foi phenotypes can be rescued by mesodermal expression of other ZIP members with similar subcellular localization. We propose that Foi acts mostly as a transporter to regulate zinc intracellular homeostasis, thereby impacting on the activity of ZFTFs that control specific developmental processes. Our results additionally suggest a possible explanation for the presence of large numbers of zinc transporters in organisms based on differences in ion transport specificity and/or degrees of activity among transporters.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1242/dev.131953
issn: 1477-9129
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