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Automated Water Analyser Computer Supported System (AWACSS) Part I: Project objectives, basic technology, immunoassay development, software design and networking

AuthorsTschmelak, Jens; Proll, Guenther; Riedt, Johannes; Kaiser, Joachim; Kraemmer, Peter; Bárzaga, Luis; Wilkinson, James S.; Hua, Ping; Hole, J. Patrick; Nudd, Richard; Jackson, Michael; Abuknesha, Ram; Barceló, Damià CSIC ORCID; Rodríguez-Mozaz, Sara; López de Alda, Miren CSIC ORCID ; Sacher, Frank; Stien, Jan; Slobodník, Jaroslav; Oswald, Peter; Kozmenko, Helena; Korenková, Eva; Tóthová, Lívia; Krascsenits, Zoltan; Gauglitz, Guenter
KeywordsAutomated Water Analyser Computer Supported System (AWACSS)
Optical immunosensor
On-line biosensor monitoring
Emerging pollutants
Environmental analysis
Immunosensor network
Issue Date15-Feb-2005
CitationBiosensors & Bioelectronics 20(8): 1499-1508 (2005)
AbstractA novel analytical system AWACSS (automated water analyser computer-supported system) based on immunochemical technology has been developed that can measure several organic pollutants at low nanogram per litre level in a single few-minutes analysis without any prior sample pre-concentration nor pre-treatment steps.
Having in mind actual needs of water-sector managers related to the implementation of the Drinking Water Directive (DWD) (98/83/EC, 1998) and Water Framework Directive WFD (2000/60/EC, 2000), drinking, ground, surface, and waste waters were major media used for the evaluation of the system performance. The instrument was equipped with remote control and surveillance facilities. The system's software allows for the internet-based networking between the measurement and control stations, global management, trend analysis, and early-warning applications. The experience of water laboratories has been utilised at the design of the instrument's hardware and software in order to make the system rugged and user-friendly. Several market surveys were conducted during the project to assess the applicability of the final system. A web-based AWACSS database was created for automated evaluation and storage of the obtained data in a format compatible with major databases of environmental organic pollutants in Europe.
This first part article gives the reader an overview of the aims and scope of the AWACSS project as well as details about basic technology, immunoassays, software, and networking developed and utilised within the research project. The second part article reports on the system performance, first real sample measurements, and an international collaborative trial (inter-laboratory tests) to compare the biosensor with conventional anayltical methods.
Description10 pages, 6 figures.-- PMID: 15626603 [PubMed].-- Available online 26 August 2004.-- Issue title: "Selected Papers from the Eighth World Congress on Biosensors, Part I" (Granada, Spain, May 24-26, 2004).
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