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Closed Access item A comparative study on recurrent blooms of Alexandrium minutum in two Mediterranean coastal areas

Authors:Vila, Magda
Giacobbe, Maria Grazia
Masó, Mercedes
Gangemi, Ester
Penna, Antonella
Sampedro, Nagore
Azzaro, Filippo
Camp, Jordi
Galluzzi, Luca
Keywords:Alexandrium minutum, HAB, Mediterranean Sea, Phytoplankton assemblages, Toxic dinoflagellates
Issue Date:Jun-2005
Publisher:Elsevier
Citation:Harmful Algae 4(4): 673-695 (2005)
Abstract:Alexandrium minutum is a toxic dinoflagellate widespread along the Mediterranean coasts. This species is frequently detected year-round at low concentrations within the Mediterranean basin. However, it only proliferates recurrently in some localities. Two affected areas are the Catalan and Sicilian coasts. In order to identify the factors determining the A. minutum blooms in the Mediterranean Sea, we compare the bloom conditions in two harbours: Arenys de Mar (Catalan coast, Spain) and Syracuse (Sicily, Italy), during 2002–2003. Arenys de Mar harbour is a fishing and leisure harbour and receives an input of freshwater rich in nutrients. Likewise, the Syracuse harbour – located on the Ionian coast of Sicily – is subject to freshwater inputs. Some points of this site are used for productive activities such as shellfish farming. A. minutum from the two areas studied were morphologically and genetically identical. In both sites, recurrent blooms take place from winter to spring. Surface water temperatures and salinities during A. minutum bloom events were 12–14.5 °C and 32–38, and 16–24 °C and 32–37.7 for Arenys and Syracuse, respectively. During the blooms, the spatial distribution of A. minutum in the two harbours, the physicochemical characteristics and the phytoplankton community were studied. Similarities in composition of the phytoplankton community were evidenced, with a clear dominance of dinoflagellates over the other taxa. In Arenys, the second dominant species was Prorocentrum micans followed by Scrippsiella spp. and Dinophysis sacculus. The same species were found in Syracuse although P. triestinum, and alternatively Lingulodinium polyedrum, reached cell densities much higher than the other dinoflagellates giving marked water discolourations.
Description:23 pages, 8 figures, 3 tables.-- Available online Dec 21, 2004.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2004.07.006
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/15009
ISSN:1568-9883
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Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos

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