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Petrological features of Antarctica lithospheric mantle, new insights from anhydrous mantle xenoliths: re-fertilization, garnet signature and metasomatism.
|Authors:||Pelorosso, B.; Bonadiman, C.; Coltorti, Massimo; Melchiorre, Massimiliano; Giacomoni, Pier Paolo; Faccini, B.; Ntaflos, T.; Gregoire, M.|
|Citation:||Mineralogia - SpecialPapers, 43: 79 (2015)|
|Abstract:||A petrological study of two mantle xenolith suites from Northern Victoria Land (NVL) have been carried out in order to characterize a large portion of the lithospheric mantle beneath the West Antartict Rift System from Mt. Melbourne (74°21¿S 164°42¿E) to Handler Ridge (HR) (72°31¿ 167°18¿E). Samples are anhydrous lherzolites, although few harzburgites and wehrlites are also found. GP peridotites vary from protogranular to porphyroclastic in texture, while in HR medium to coarse or fine-grained equigranular texture prevails. Based on mineral major and trace element petrological modeling, this mantle domain may represent a residuum after ~10 to 20% of partial melting. Overprinted on this event at GP there are evidence for the percolation of a tholeiitic and an alkaline melts, most probably affecting the mantle domain in different times. The first event increases the Al2O3 content in opx and cpx and modifies the REE content in cpx, leaving a garnet signature. The good matching with trace element content in cpx phenocryst from Ferrar and Karoo tholeiites allow to ascribe this refertilization event to Jurassic time. The second event is associated with the alkaline Cenozoic magmatism related to the WARS opening and it is responsible for the presence of rare, LREE-enriched, secondary cpx and alkali-rich glassy patches. The mg# values (mg# ol=87.5-91.0) and the high variable cpx HREE contents (YN=1.76-11.45) of the HR reflect a fertile to moderate residual mantle segment. The presence of SiO2-rich glass and rare, trace element-enriched secondary cpx suggest that HR population was also affected by melt interaction, most probably of alkaline affinity. Both HR and GP peridotites are thermal constrained at 950-980 °C, with redox conditions close to the QFM buffer, and the tendency for GP population towards more reduction conditions (~ -1.04 log units below QFM, on average). Compared with hydrated mantle xenoliths from nearby localities, GP and HR xenolith suites present higher T and comparable oxidized conditions.|
|Appears in Collections:||(ICTJA) Comunicaciones congresos|