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Functional ecology of soil microbial communities along a glacier forefield in Tierra del Fuego (Chile) [Supporting material]

AuthorsFernández Martínez, Miguel Ángel ; Pointing, Stephen B.; Pérez-Ortega, Sergio; Arróniz Crespo, María; Green, T. G. Allan; Rozzi, Ricardo; Sancho, Leopoldo G.; Ríos, Asunción de los
Issue Date2016
CitationInternational Microbiology 19(3): 161-173 (2016)
AbstractA previously established chronosequence from Pia Glacier forefield in Tierra del Fuego (Chile) containing soils of different ages (from bare soils to forest ones) is analyzed. We used this chronosequence as framework to postulate that microbial successional development would be accompanied by changes in functionality. To test this, the GeoChip functional microarray was used to identify diversity of genes involved in microbial carbon and nitrogen metabolism, as well as other genes related to microbial stress response and biotic interactions. Changes in putative functionality generally reflected succession-related taxonomic composition of soil microbiota. Major shifts in carbon fixation and catabolism were observed, as well as major changes in nitrogen metabolism. At initial microbial dominated succession stages, microorganisms could be mainly involved in pathways that help to increase nutrient availability, while more complex microbial transformations such as denitrification and methanogenesis, and later degradation of complex organic substrates, could play more important roles at vegetated successional states. Shifts in virus populations broadly reflected changes in microbial diversity. Conversely, stress response pathways appeared relatively well conserved for communities along the entire chronosequence. We conclude nutrient utilization is likely the major driver of microbial succession in these soils.
DescriptionSupporting material: figures and tables.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.2436/20.1501.01.274
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