DSpace

Digital.CSIC > Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos > Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos (IATA) > (IATA) Artículos >

Share

EndNote

Impact

Open Access item Interplay between weight loss and gut microbiota composition in overweight adolescents

Authors:Santacruz, Arlette
Marcos, Ascensión
Wärnberg, Julia
Martí, Amelia
Martín-Matillas, Miguel
Campoy, Cristina
Moreno, Luis A.
Veiga, Óscar
Redondo-Figuero, Carlos
Garagorri, Jesús M.
Azcona, Cristina
Delgado, Manuel
García-Fuentes, Miguel
Collado, María del Carmen
Sanz, Yolanda
Issue Date:23-Apr-2009
Publisher:NAASO - The Obesity Society
Nature Publishing Group
Citation:Obesity 17(10): 1906–1915 (2009)
Abstract:The aim of this study was to determine the influence of an obesity treatment program on the gut microbiota and body weight of overweight adolescents. Thirty-six adolescents (13–15 years), classified as overweight according to the International Obesity Task Force BMI criteria, were submitted to a calorie-restricted diet (10–40%) and increased physical activity (15–23 kcal/kg body weight/week) program over 10 weeks. Gut bacterial groups were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR before and after the intervention. A group of subjects (n = 23) experienced >4.0 kg weight loss and showed significant BMI (P = 0.030) and BMI z-score (P = 0.035) reductions after the intervention, while the other group (n = 13) showed <2.0 kg weight loss. No significant differences in dietary intake were found between both groups. In the whole adolescent population, the intervention led to increased Bacteroides fragilis group (P = 0.001) and Lactobacillus group (P = 0.030) counts, and to decreased Clostridium coccoides group (P = 0.028), Bifidobacterium longum (P = 0.031), and Bifidobacterium adolescentis (P = 0.044) counts. In the high weight–loss group, B. fragilis group and Lactobacillus group counts also increased (P = 0.001 and P = 0.007, respectively), whereas C. coccoides group and B. longum counts decreased (P = 0.001 and P = 0.044, respectively) after the intervention. Total bacteria, B. fragilis group and Clostridium leptum group, and Bifidobacterium catenulatum group counts were significantly higher (P < 0.001–0.036) while levels of C. coccoides group, Lactobacillus group, Bifidobacterium, Bifidobacterium breve, and Bifidobacterium bifidum were significantly lower (P < 0.001–0.008) in the high weight–loss group than in the low weight–loss group before and after the intervention. These findings indicate that calorie restriction and physical activity have an impact on gut microbiota composition related to body weight loss, which also seem to be influenced by the individual's microbiota.
Description:10 pages.-- PMID: 19390523 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Oct 2009.-- EVASYON Study Group.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.112
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/14456
ISSN:1930-7381 (Print)
11930-739X (Online)
???metadata.dc.identifier.doi???:10.1038/oby.2009.112
Appears in Collections:(IATA) Artículos
(IF) Artículos

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.