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Characterization of sea bass FSHβ 5′ flanking region: Transcriptional control by 17β-estradiol

AuthorsMuriach, Borja ; Carrillo, Manuel ; Zanuy, Silvia ; Cerdá-Reverter, José Miguel
Promoter analysis
Estrogen receptor
Issue DateJun-2014
CitationFish Physiology and Biochemistry 40: 849-864 (2014)
AbstractThe sea bass follicle-stimulating hormone 5′ flanking region (sbFSHβ 5′ FR) was cloned and characterized in order to study the molecular mechanisms underlying transcriptional regulation of the sbFSHβ gene. Analysis of the ~3.5 kb of this region revealed the presence of several putative cis-acting elements, including steroid hormone response elements, cAMP response elements, pituitary-specific transcription factor response elements, activator protein-1 response elements and TATA sequence. Deleted constructs containing ~3.5 kb of the sbFSHβ 5′ FR fused to a luciferase reporter gene were transiently transfected into human embryonic kidney (HEK 293) and mouse mature gonadotrope (LβT2) cell lines. The sbFSHβ 5′ FR was efficiently expressed under basal conditions in LβT2 but not in HEK 293, pointing to both positive and negative regulatory elements. In order to elucidate the estrogen-mediated sbFSHβ transcriptional activity, in vitro treatments with 17β-estradiol were carried out on primary cultures of pituitary cells and LβT2 cells transiently expressing luciferase under the control of sbFSHβ 5′ FR. Overall, these results demonstrate that 17β-estradiol inhibits sbFSHβ gene expression directly at the level of the pituitary. However, it was also shown that estrogen did not induce changes of the sbFSH promoter-directed luciferase activity, suggesting that sbFSHβ 5′FR (~3.5 kb) activity is cell type dependent and its estrogen regulation could require cis-acting elements located upstream of the promoter region, which is characterized in this article. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-013-9891-6
Identifiersissn: 0920-1742
Appears in Collections:(IATS) Artículos
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