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Title

The NER-related gene GTF2H5 predicts survival in high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients

AuthorsGayarre, Javier; Borrego, Salud ; Paz-Ares, Luis ; Palacios Calvo, José ; García, M. José
Keywords6q24-26 Deletion
Survival
Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Cisplatin-Sensitivity
DNA Repair
GTF2H5
Issue DateJan-2016
PublisherAsian Society of Gynecologic Oncology
CitationJournal of Gynecologic Oncology 27(1): e7 (2016)
Abstract[Objective] We aimed to evaluate the prognostic and predictive value of the nucleotide excision repair-related gene GTF2H5, which is localized at the 6q24.2-26 deletion previously reported by our group to predict longer survival of high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients.
[Methods] In order to test if protein levels of GTF2H5 are associated with patients' outcome, we performed GTF2H5 immunohistochemical staining in 139 high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas included in tissue microarrays. Upon stratification of cases into high- and low-GTF2H5 staining categories (> and ≤ median staining, respectively) Kaplan-Meier and logrank test were used to estimate patients’ survival and assess statistical differences. We also evaluated the association of GTF2H5 with survival at the transcriptional level by using the on-line Kaplan-Meier plotter tool, which includes gene expression and survival data of 855 high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients from 13 different datasets. Finally, we determined whether stable short hairpin RNA-mediated GTF2H5 downregulation modulates cisplatin sensitivity in the SKOV3 and COV504 cell lines by using cytotoxicity assays.
[Results] Low expression of GTF2H5 was associated with longer 5-year survival of patients at the protein (hazard ratio [HR], 0.52; 95% CI, 0.29 to 0.93; p=0.024) and transcriptional level (HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.65 to 0.97; p=0.023) in high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients. We confirmed the association with 5-year overall survival (HR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.38 to 0.78; p=0.0007) and also found an association with progression-free survival (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.54 to 0.96; p=0.026) in a homogenous group of 388 high-stage (stages III-IV using the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics staging system), optimally debulked high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients. GTF2H5- silencing induced a decrease of the half maximal inhibitory concentration upon cisplatin treatment in GTF2H5-silenced ovarian cancer cells.
[Conclusion] Low levels of GTF2H5 are associated with enhanced prognosis in high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients and may contribute to cisplatin sensitization.
DescriptionGayarre, Javier et al
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.3802/jgo.2016.27.e7
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/143520
DOI10.3802/jgo.2016.27.e7
Identifierse-issn: 2005-0399
issn: 2005-0380
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