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Title

Application of density gradient for the isolation of the fecal microbial stool component and the potential use thereof

AuthorsHevia, Arancha ; Delgado, Susana ; Margolles Barros, Abelardo ; Sánchez García, Borja
Issue Date19-Nov-2015
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationScientific Reports 5: 16807 (2015)
AbstractThe idea of considering the gut microbiota as a virtual human organ has led to the concept of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), which has recently been extremely successful in the treatment of cases of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Administration of safe, viable, and representative fecal microbiota is crucial for FMT. To our knowledge, suitable techniques and systematic conditions for separating the fecal microbiota from stool samples have not been thoroughly investigated. In this work we show the potential to separate stool microorganisms from the rest of fecal material using a procedure with a Nycodenz® density gradient, yielding 1010 viable bacteria per two grams of feces. This procedure did not affect the original microbiota composition in terms of viability, distribution and proportions, as assessed by a phylogenetic metagenomic approach. Obtaining the fecal microbiota by concentration and separation of the microorganisms from the rest of the stool components would allow the standardization of its recovery and its long-term preservation. FMT or similar microbiota restoration therapies could be used for the treatment of several disorders, or even for aesthetic purposes, so the method described in our work may contribute to the setting of the basis for the development of safe and standardized products.
Publisher version (URL)10.1038/srep16807https://doi.org/
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/142754
DOI10.1038/srep16807
Identifiersissn: 2045-2322
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