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Effects of environmental change on zoonotic disease risk: an ecological primer

AuthorsEstrada-Peña, Agustín; Ostfeld, Richard S.; Fuente, José de la
KeywordsZoonotic diseases
Abiotic niche
Biotic factors
Interspecific transfer barrier
Issue Date2014
CitationTrends in Parasitology 30(4): 205-214 (2014)
AbstractImpacts of environmental changes on zoonotic disease risk are the subject of speculation, but lack a coherent framework for understanding environmental drivers of pathogen transmission from animal hosts to humans. We review how environmental factors affect the distributions of zoonotic agents and their transmission to humans, exploring the roles they play in zoonotic systems. We demonstrate the importance of capturing the distributional ecology of any species involved in pathogen transmission, defining the environmental conditions required, and the projection of that niche onto geography. We further review how environmental changes may alter the dispersal behaviour of populations of any component of zoonotic disease systems. Such changes can modify relative importance of different host species for pathogens, modifying contact rates with humans.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.pt.2014.02.003
e-issn: 1471-5007
issn: 1471-4922
Appears in Collections:(IREC) Artículos
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