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Open Access item Infection with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in a seronegative patient in Sicily, Italy: Case Report

Authors:Fuente García, José de la
Torina, Alessandra
Naranjo, María Victoria
Caracappa, Santo
Di Marco, V.
Keywords:Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Human granulocytic anaplasmosis, 16S rDNA sequence
Issue Date:3-Oct-2005
Publisher:BioMed Central
Citation:Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2005, 4:15
Abstract:[Background] Anaplasma phagocytophilum causes human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) in humans, which has been recognized as an emerging tick-borne disease in the United States and Europe. Although about 65 cases of HGA have been reported in Europe, some of them do not fulfill the criteria for confirmed HGA. Confirmation of HGA requires A. phagocytophilum isolation from blood, and/or identification of morulae in granulocytes and/or positive PCR results with subsequent sequencing of the amplicons to demonstrate specific rickettsial DNA. Seroconversion or at least fourfold increase in antibody titers to A. phagocytophilum has been used as criteria for confirmed HGA also.
[Case presentation] Infection with A. phagocytophilum was confirmed by PCR in a patient in Sicily, Italy, who had negative serology for A. phagocytophilum. A fragment of A. phagocytophilum 16S rDNA was amplified by two independent laboratories and sequenced from two separate patient's blood samples. The 16S rDNA sequence was identical in both samples and identical to the sequence of the A. phagocytophilum strain USG3 originally obtained from a dog.
[Conclusion] Infection with A. phagocytophilum was confirmed in a patient without a detectable antibody response against the pathogen. The results reported herein documented the first case of confirmed HGA in Sicily, Italy. These results suggested the possibility of human infections with A. phagocytophilum strains that result in clinical symptoms and laboratory findings confirmatory of HGA but without detectable antibodies against the pathogen.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-0711-4-15
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/1419
ISSN:1476-0711
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Appears in Collections:(IREC) Artículos

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