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Closed Access item Factors controlling the year-round variability in carbon flux through bacteria in a coastal marine system

Authors:Alonso-Sáez, Laura
Vázquez-Domínguez, Evaristo
Cardelús, Clara
Pinhassi, Jarone
Sala, M. Montserrat
Lekunberri, Itziar
Balagué, Vanessa
Vila-Costa, Maria
Unrein, Fernando
Massana, Ramon
Simó, Rafel
Gasol, Josep M.
Keywords:Bacterioplankton, Production, Respiration, Carbon, Marin, Seasonality, Growth efficiency, Coastal
Issue Date:26-Feb-2008
Citation:Ecosystems 11(3): 397-409 (2008)
Abstract:Data from several years of monthly samplings are combined with a 1-year detailed study of carbon flux through bacteria at a NW Mediterranean coastal site to delineate the bacterial role in carbon use and to assess whether environmental factors or bacterial assemblage composition affected the in situ rates of bacterial carbon processing. Leucine (Leu) uptake rates [as an estimate of bacterial heterotrophic production (BHP)] showed high interannual variability but, on average, lower values were found in winter (around 50 pM Leu−1 h−1) as compared to summer (around 150 pM Leu−1 h−1). Leu-to-carbon conversion factors ranged from 0.9 to 3.6 kgC mol Leu−1, with generally higher values in winter. Leu uptake was only weakly correlated to temperature, and over a full-year cycle (in 2003), Leu uptake peaked concomitantly with winter chlorophyll a (Chl a) maxima, and in periods of high ectoenzyme activities in spring and summer. This suggests that both low molecular weight dissolved organic matter (DOM) released by phytoplankton, and high molecular weight DOM in periods of low Chl a, can enhance BHP. Bacterial respiration (BR, range 7–48 μg C l−1 d−1) was not correlated to BHP or temperature, but was significantly correlated to DOC concentration. Total bacterial carbon demand (BHP plus BR) was only met by dissolved organic carbon produced by phytoplankton during the winter period. We measured bacterial growth efficiencies by the short-term and the long-term methods and they ranged from 3 to 42%, increasing during the phytoplankton blooms in winter (during the Chl a peaks), and in spring. Changes in bacterioplankton assemblage structure (as depicted by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis fingerprinting) were not coupled to changes in ecosystem functioning, at least in bacterial carbon use.
Description:13 pages, 2 tables, 6 figures.-- Printed version published Apr 2008.-- Full-text version available Open Access at: http://www.icm.csic.es/bio/projects/icmicrobis/pdf/AlonsoSaezetal08Ecosyst.pdf
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10021-008-9129-0
ISSN:1432-9840 (Print)
1435-0629 (Online)
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos

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