English   español  
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/140113
Share/Impact:
Statistics
logo share SHARE logo core CORE   Add this article to your Mendeley library MendeleyBASE

Visualizar otros formatos: MARC | Dublin Core | RDF | ORE | MODS | METS | DIDL
Exportar a otros formatos:

Title

Planck intermediate results. XXIII. Galactic plane emission components derived from Planck with ancillary data

AuthorsAde, P. A. R.; Aghanim, N.; Alves, M. I. R.; Barreiro, R. Belén ; Bernard, J. P.; Bouchet, F. R.; Boulanger, F.; Zotti, G. de; Diego, José María ; Ghosh, T. ; González-Nuevo, J. ; Herranz, D. ; López-Caniego, M. ; Macías-Pérez, J. F.; Martínez-González, Enrique ; Massardi, Marcella; Matarrese, S.; Toffolatti, L. ; Vielva, P. ; Rebolo López, Rafael; Planck Collaboration
KeywordsGalaxy: general
Radiation mechanisms: general
Radio continuum: ISM
Submillimeter: ISM
Galaxy: disk
ISM: general
Issue Date2015
PublisherEDP Sciences
CitationAstronomy and Astrophysics 580: A13 (2015)
AbstractPlanck data when combined with ancillary data provide a unique opportunity to separate the diffuse emission components of the inner Galaxy. The purpose of the paper is to elucidate the morphology of the various emission components in the strong star-formation region lying inside the solar radius and to clarify the relationship between the various components. The region of the Galactic plane covered is l = 300° → 0° → 60° wherestar-formation is highest and the emission is strong enough to make meaningful component separation. The latitude widths in this longitude range lie between 1° and 2°, which correspond to FWHM z-widths of 100−200 pc at a typical distance of 6 kpc. The four emission components studied here are synchrotron, free-free, anomalous microwave emission (AME), and thermal (vibrational) dust emission. These components are identified by constructing spectral energy distributions (SEDs) at positions along the Galactic plane using the wide frequency coverage of Planck (28.4−857 GHz) in combination with low-frequency radio data at 0.408−2.3 GHz plus WMAP data at 23−94 GHz, along with far-infrared (FIR) data from COBE-DIRBE and IRAS. The free-free component is determined from radio recombination line (RRL) data. AME is found to be comparable in brightness to the free-free emission on the Galactic plane in the frequency range 20−40 GHz with a width in latitude similar to that of the thermal dust; it comprises 45 ± 1% of the total 28.4 GHz emission in the longitude range l = 300° → 0° → 60°. The free-free component is the narrowest, reflecting the fact that it is produced by current star-formation as traced by the narrow distribution of OB stars. It is the dominant emission on the plane between 60 and 100 GHz. RRLs from this ionized gas are used to assess its distance, leading to a free-free z-width of FWHM ≈ 100 pc. The narrow synchrotron component has a low-frequency brightness spectral index βsynch ≈ −2.7 that is similar to the broad synchrotron component indicating that they are both populated by the cosmic ray electrons of the same spectral index. The width of this narrow synchrotron component is significantly larger than that of the other three components, suggesting that it is generated in an assembly of older supernova remnants that have expanded to sizes of order 150 pc in 3 × 105 yr; pulsars of a similar age have a similar spread in latitude. The thermal dust is identified in the SEDs with average parameters of Tdust = 20.4 ± 0.4 K, βFIR = 1.94 ± 0.03 (> 353 GHz), and βmm = 1.67 ± 0.02 (< 353 GHz). The latitude distributions of gamma-rays, CO, and the emission in high-frequency Planck bands have similar widths, showing that they are all indicators of the total gaseous matter on the plane in the inner Galaxy.
DescriptionGalactic structure, stellar clusters and populations.-- et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201424434
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/140113
DOI10.1051/0004-6361/201424434
Identifiersdoi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201424434
e-issn: 1432-0746
issn: 0004-6361
Appears in Collections:(IFCA) Artículos
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Planck XXII.pdf1,31 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open
Show full item record
Review this work
 

Related articles:


WARNING: Items in Digital.CSIC are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.