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Title

Nanoscale imaging of buried topological defects with quantitative X-ray magnetic microscopy

AuthorsBlanco-Roldán, C.; Quirós, Carlos ; Hierro-Rodríguez, A. ; Álvarez-Prado, L. M. ; Duch Llobera, Marta; Torras Andrés, Núria; Esteve i Tintó, Jaume; Vélez, María ; Alameda, J. M. ; Ferrer, S.
Issue Date2015
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationNature Communications 6: 8196 (2015)
AbstractAdvances in nanoscale magnetism increasingly require characterization tools providing detailed descriptions of magnetic configurations. Magnetic transmission X-ray microscopy produces element specific magnetic domain images with nanometric lateral resolution in films up to ∼100 nm thick. Here we present an imaging method using the angular dependence of magnetic contrast in a series of high resolution transmission X-ray microscopy images to obtain quantitative descriptions of the magnetization (canting angles relative to surface normal and sense). This method is applied to 55-120 nm thick ferromagnetic NdCo 5 layers (canting angles between 65° and 22°), and to a NdCo 5 film covered with permalloy. Interestingly, permalloy induces a 43° rotation of Co magnetization towards surface normal. Our method allows identifying complex topological defects (merons or 1/2 skyrmions) in a NdCo 5 film that are only partially replicated by the permalloy overlayer. These results open possibilities for the characterization of deeply buried magnetic topological defects, nanostructures and devices.
DescriptionThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.-- et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9196
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/137455
DOI10.1038/ncomms9196
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/ncomms9196
e-issn: 2041-1723
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