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Desiccant capability of organic xerogels: Surface chemistry vs porous texture

AuthorsDíaz Alonso-Buenaposada, Isabel ; Gómez Calvo, Esther ; Montes Morán, Miguel Ángel ; Narciso, J.; Menéndez Díaz, José Ángel ; Arenillas de la Puente, Ana
KeywordsWater sorption
Desiccant materials
Hydrophilic materials
Issue Date7-Jun-2016
CitationMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials 232: 70–76 (2016)
AbstractResorcinol-Formaldehyde xerogels are organic polymers that can be easily tailored to have specific properties. These materials are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, and have a surface that is very rich in oxygen functionalities, and is therefore very hydrophilic. Their most interesting feature is that they may have the same chemical composition but a different porous texture. Consequently, the influence of porous characteristics, such as pore volume, surface area or pore size can be easily assessed. In this work, a commonly used desiccant, silica gel, is compared with organic xerogels to determine their rate and capacity of water adsorption, and to evaluate the role of surface chemistry versus porous texture. It was found that organic xerogels showed a higher rate of moisture adsorption than silica gel. Pore structure also seems to play an important role in water adsorption capacity. The OX-10 sample, whose porosity was mainly composed of micro-mesoporosity displayed a water adsorption capacity two times greater than that of the silica gel, and three times higher than that of the totally macroporous xerogel OX-2100. The presence of feeder pores (mesopores) that facilitate the access to the hydrophilic surface was observed to be the key factor for a good desiccant behaviour. Neither the total pore volume nor the high surface area (i.e. high microporosity) of the desiccant sample, is as important as the mesopore structure.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2016.06.007
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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