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Does a voltage-sensitive outer envelope transport mechanism contributes to the chloroplast iron uptake?

AutorSolti, Ádám; Kovács, Krisztina; Müller, Brigitta; Vázquez-Reina, Saúl ; Hamar, Éva; Pham, Hong Diep; Tóth, Brigitta; Abadía Bayona, Javier ; Fodor, Ferenc
Palabras claveChloroplast
Envelope membrane
Iron metabolism
Mössbauer spectrosopy
Voltage-dependent transport
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorSpringer
CitaciónSolti A, Kovács K, Müller B, Vázquez S, Hamar E, Pham HD, Tóth B, Abadía J, Fodor F. Does a voltage-sensitive outer envelope transport mechanism contributes to the chloroplast iron uptake?. Planta 244 (6): 1303-1313 (2016)
ResumenBased on the effects of inorganic salts on chloroplast Fe uptake, the presence of a voltage-dependent step is proposed to play a role in Fe uptake through the outer envelope. Although iron (Fe) plays a crucial role in chloroplast physiology, only few pieces of information are available on the mechanisms of chloroplast Fe acquisition. Here, the effect of inorganic salts on the Fe uptake of intact chloroplasts was tested, assessing Fe and transition metal uptake using bathophenantroline-based spectrophotometric detection and plasma emission-coupled mass spectrometry, respectively. The microenvironment of Fe was studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy. Transition metal cations (Cd2+, Zn2+, and Mn2+) enhanced, whereas oxoanions (NO3−, SO42−, and BO33−) reduced the chloroplast Fe uptake. The effect was insensitive to diuron (DCMU), an inhibitor of chloroplast inner envelope-associated Fe uptake. The inorganic salts affected neither Fe forms in the uptake assay buffer nor those incorporated into the chloroplasts. The significantly lower Zn and Mn uptake compared to that of Fe indicates that different mechanisms/transporters are involved in their acquisition. The enhancing effect of transition metals on chloroplast Fe uptake is likely related to outer envelope-associated processes, since divalent metal cations are known to inhibit Fe2+ transport across the inner envelope. Thus, a voltage-dependent step is proposed to play a role in Fe uptake through the chloroplast outer envelope on the basis of the contrasting effects of transition metal cations and oxoaninons.
Descripción11 Pags.- 1 Tabl. 7 Figs.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-016-2586-3
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/135979
DOI10.1007/s00425-016-2586-3
ISSN0032-0935
E-ISSN1432-2048
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