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Chimeric Genomes of Natural Hybrids of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces kudriavzevii

AuthorsBelloch, Carmela ; Pérez Torrado, Roberto ; González, Sara S.; Pérez Ortín, José E.; García-Martínez, José; Querol, Amparo ; Barrio, Eladio
KeywordsNatural hybrids
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Saccharomyces kudriavzevii
Genome hybridization
Recombination points
Issue Date27-Feb-2009
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationApplied and Environmental Microbiology 75(8): 2534–2544 (2009)
AbstractRecently, a new type of hybrid resulting from the hybridization between Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces kudriavzevii was described. These strains exhibit physiological properties of potential biotechnological interest. A preliminary characterization of these hybrids showed a trend to reduce the S. kudriavzevii fraction of the hybrid genome. We characterized the genomic constitution of several wine S. cerevisiae S. kudriavzevii strains by using a combined approach based on the restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of gene regions, comparative genome hybridizations with S. cerevisiae DNA arrays, ploidy analysis, and gene dose determination by quantitative real-time PCR. The high similarity in the genome structures of the S. cerevisiae X S. kudriavzevii hybrids under study indicates that they originated from a single hybridization event. After hybridization, the hybrid genome underwent extensive chromosomal rearrangements, including chromosome losses and the generation of chimeric chromosomes by the nonreciprocal recombination between homeologous chromosomes. These nonreciprocal recombinations between homeologous chromosomes occurred in highly conserved regions, such as Ty long terminal repeats (LTRs), rRNA regions, and conserved protein-coding genes. This study supports the hypothesis that chimeric chromosomes may have been generated by a mechanism similar to the recombination-mediated chromosome loss acting during meiosis in Saccharomyces hybrids. As a result of the selective processes acting during fermentation, hybrid genomes maintained the S. cerevisiae genome but reduced the S. kudriavzevii fraction.
Description11 pages, 6 figures.-- PMID: 19251887 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Apr 2009.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02282-08
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