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Title

Las inhumaciones del neolítico antiguo de Ca l'Estrada (Canovelles, Barcelona)

Other TitlesThe ancient Neolithic burials of Ca l'Estrada (Canovelles, Barcelona)
AuthorsSubirà, Mª Eulàlia; Martínez-Rodríguez, Pablo; Fortó, Abel; Muñoz Rufo, Vanessa; Ortega i Cobos, David ; Gibaja, Juan Francisco
KeywordsPrácticas funerarias
Anthropological study
Funerary practices
Peninsular Northeast
Ancient Neolithic
Ikerketa antropologikoa
Neolítico Antiguo
Noreste peninsular
Estudio antropológico
Neolito Zaharra
Penintsulako ipar-ekialdea
Hileta-ohiturak
Ca l’Estrada
Issue Date2015
PublisherSociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi
CitationMunibe Antropologia - Arkeologia, 66 : 135-145 (2015)
Abstract[EN] At present there are few human remains from early agricultural and pastoralists communities of the early Neolithic in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula Most of the evidence comes from archaeological contexts excavated prior to the 80's, then recent analytical are absent. The excavation in Ca l'Estrada partly fills this gap providing not only two new burials, but also a whole set of analyzes of the graves Their study has allowed us biologically meet two of the subjects protagonists of that history, how they were buried and what objects accompanied them. We are certainly at an early funerary evidence of what has come to be known as "Culture of pit graves." There are two burials; The first one comes from a cuvette of 70-80cm wide and 60-70cm deep. A woman 25-35 years old very well repre- sented was depositated on right lateral decubitus with flexed limbs and his body was enveloped into a bundle or shroud. Under the pelvis a sheet of white flint good was found. This blade was used to cut plants near the ground or on it before putting it as dowry. It could not define the structure of the second burial. The remains correspond a part of a child of 5-6 yearsold, possibly a male. The study allows start to know biologicaly the human group that lived the zone. Likewise the detailed study of his grave has allowed to propose that it was wrapped in a shroud, deposited gathered and with the presence of a sheet of silex, attends that it might start to justify a ritual that will become more frequent in the Middle Neolithic.
[ES] Actualmente, en el noreste de la Península Ibérica, se conocen muy pocos restos humanos pertenecientes a las primeras comunidades agricultoras y pastoriles de inicios del neolítico. Buena parte de las evidencias que tenemos provienen de contextos arqueológicos excavados con anterioridad a los años 80, lo que supone que no se dispone del mismo acerbo de análisis que se realizan en la actualidad. La excavación realizada en Ca l’Estrada viene a rellenar en parte ese vacío aportando no sólo dos nuevos enterramientos, sino también toda una serie de análisis tanto del continente como del contenido de las sepulturas. Su estudio nos ha permitido conocer biológicamente a dos de los sujetos protagonistas de aquella su historia, cómo fueron inhumados y qué objetos les acompañaban. Estamos, sin duda, ante una de las primeras evidencias funerarias de lo que ha venido a denominarse como “la Cultura de los Sepulcros de fosa”.
[EU] Gaur egun Iberiar Penintsularen Ipar-Ekialdean bizi izan ziren lehen talde nekazari eta artzainen giza aztarna gutxi ezagutzen dira. Ezagutzen diren ebidentzia gehienak 1980ko hamarkada baino lehenagoko indusketa arkeologikoei dagokie, eta horren ondorioz, egun egiten diren hainbat analisiren falta dago testuinguru hauetan. Zentzu honetan Ca l'Estradan egindako indusketak hutsune hau bete egiten du, hilobi berri bi ezagutarazteaz gain, bai honen egituraren zein bere edukiaren gain egin diren azterketa guztiek aurkezten duten datuengatik. Ikerketa honek bi gizabanakoren, lurperatzearen testuingurua zein agertzen diren materialei buruzko informazioa eskaintzen du. Argi dago "la Cultura de los Sepulcros de fosa" deritzonaren lehen aztarnetariko baten inguruan ari garela lan honetan.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/134865
Identifiersissn: 1132-2217
e-issn: 2172-4555
Appears in Collections:(IMF) Artículos
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