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Bacterial cellulose films: influence of bacterial strain and drying route on film properties

AuthorsZeng, Muling ; Laromaine, Anna ; Roig Serra, Anna
KeywordsBacterial strain
Bacterial cellulose
Water adsorbent
Issue DateDec-2014
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
CitationCellulose 21(6): 4455- 4469 (2014)
Abstract© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Structural properties of bacterial cellulose (BC) depend on the microstructure of the material, which in turn is influenced by the bacterial strain. This paper reports the production of BC thin films from two bacterial strains, gluconacetobacter xylinus (GX) and gluconacetobacter europaeus (GE), and three methods of drying the films; at room temperature, freeze drying and supercritical drying. The porosity, transparency, water absorption capacity (WAC) and mechanical properties of the obtained films are further investigated. We conclude that materials with different properties can be fabricated by selecting the bacterial strain or the drying method. Supercritical drying of films of GE achieved mechanically robust and extremely light films, 0.05 g/mL, with up to 96 % of porosity, and with a WAC up 110 times their dried weight. We determined that materials resulting from GE strain are not much affected by the drying method. On the other hand, GX produced BC films more sensitive to the drying method used. Films are denser, 0.6–0.2 g/mL, with tunable porosity from 60 to 90 % and their maximum WAC is 66 times their dried weight.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s10570-014-0408-y
issn: 0969-0239
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