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Effects of Fe deficiency on the protein profiles and lignin composition of stem tissues from Medicago truncatula in absence or presence of calcium carbonate

AuthorsRodríguez-Celma, Jorge ; Lattanzio, Giuseppe ; Villarroya, Dido; Gutiérrez Carbonell, Elaín ; Ceballos-Laita, Laura ; Rencoret, Jorge ; Gutiérrez Suárez, Ana ; Río Andrade, José Carlos del ; Grusak, Michael A.; Abadía Bayona, Anunciación ; Abadía Bayona, Javier ; López-Millán, Ana Flor
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
Issue DateMay-2016
CitationRodríguez-Celma J, Lattanzio G, Villarroya D, Gutiérrez-Carbonell E, Ceballos-Laita L, Rencoret J, Gutiérrez A, del Río JC, Grusak MA, Abadía A, Abadía J, López-Millán AF. Effects of Fe deficiency on the protein profiles and lignin composition of stem tissues from Medicago truncatula in absence or presence of calcium carbonate. Journal of Proteomics 140: 1–12 (2016)
AbstractIron deficiency is a yield-limiting factor with major implications for crop production, especially in soils with high CaCO3. Because stems are essential for the delivery of nutrients to the shoots, the aim of this work was to study the effects of Fe deficiency on the stem proteome of Medicago truncatula. Two-dimensional electrophoresis separation of stem protein extracts resolved 276 consistent spots in the whole experiment. Iron deficiency in absence or presence of CaCO3 caused significant changes in relative abundance in 10 and 31 spots, respectively, and 80% of them were identified by mass spectrometry. Overall results indicate that Fe deficiency by itself has a mild effect on the stem proteome, whereas Fe deficiency in the presence of CaCO3 has a stronger impact and causes changes in a larger number of proteins, including increases in stress and protein metabolism related proteins not observed in the absence of CaCO3. Both treatments resulted in increases in cell wall related proteins, which were more intense in the presence of CaCO3. The increases induced by Fe-deficiency in the lignin per protein ratio and changes in the lignin monomer composition, assessed by pyrolysis-gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and microscopy, respectively, further support the existence of cell wall alterations. Biological significance: In spite of being essential for the delivery of nutrients to the shoots, our knowledge of stem responses to nutrient deficiencies is very limited. The present work applies 2-DE techniques to unravel the response of this understudied tissue to Fe deficiency. Proteomics data, complemented with mineral, lignin and microscopy analyses, indicate that stems respond to Fe deficiency by increasing stress and defense related proteins, probably in response of mineral and osmotic unbalances, and eliciting significant changes in cell wall composition. The changes observed are likely to ultimately affect solute transport and distribution to the leaves.
Description12 Pags.- 2 Tabls.- 5 Figs.- Supp. Data.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2016.03.017
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