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Improved MUSIC-Based SMOS RFI Source Detection and Geolocation Algorithm

AuthorsPark, H.; González, Verónica ; Camps, Adriano ; Vall-llossera, Mercè
Issue DateMar-2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
CitationIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 54(3): 1311-1322 (2016)
AbstractThe European Space Agency's Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission has been providing L-band brightness temperature (BT) using its instrument, the Microwave Imaging Radiometer using Aperture Synthesis. In the measurements, the negative effect of radio frequency interference (RFI) is clearly present, deteriorating the quality of geophysical parameter retrieval. Detection and geolocation of RFI sources are essential to remove or at least mitigate the RFI impacts and ultimately improve the performance of parameter retrieval. This paper discusses a new approach to SMOS RFI source detection, based on the MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC) algorithm. Recently, the feasibility of MUSIC direction-of-arrival estimation has been shown for the RFI source detection of the synthetic aperture interferometric radiometer. This paper refines the MUSIC RFI source detection algorithm and tailors it to the SMOS scenario. To consolidate the RFI source detection procedure, several required steps are devised, including the rank estimation of the covariance matrix, local peak detection and thresholds, and multiple-snapshot processing. The developed method is tested using a number of SMOS visibility samples. In the test results, the MUSIC method shows an improvement on the accuracy and precision of the RFI source geolocation, compared with a simple detection method based on the local peaks of BT images. The MUSIC results especially outperform the SMOS BT image on the spatial resolution
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2015.2477435
Identifiersdoi: 10.1109/TGRS.2015.2477435
issn: 0196-2892
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