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Title

Lysine-based surfactants in nanovesicle formulations: the role of cationic charge position and hydrophobicity in in vitro cytotoxicity and intracellular delivery

AuthorsNogueira, Daniele Rubert; Morán, Maria del Carmen; Mitjans, Montserrat; Pérez, Lourdes F.; Ramos, David L.; De Lapuente, Joaquín; Vinardell, María Pilar
KeywordsCell culture
Cell internalisation
Drug delivery
Nanotoxicity
PH-sensitivity
Issue Date4-Jun-2014
PublisherInforma Healthcare
CitationNanotoxicology 8(4): 404-421(2014)
AbstractUnderstanding nanomaterial interactions within cells is of increasing importance for assessing their toxicity and cellular transport. Here, the authors developed nanovesicles containing bioactive cationic lysine-based amphiphiles and assessed whether these cationic compounds increase the likelihood of intracellular delivery and modulate toxicity. Different cytotoxic responses were found among the formulations, depending on surfactant, cell line and endpoint assayed. The induction of mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and apoptosis were the general mechanisms underlying cytotoxicity. Fluorescence microscopy analysis demonstrated that nanovesicles were internalised by HeLa cells and evidenced that their ability to release endocytosed materials into cell cytoplasm depends on the structural parameters of amphiphiles. The cationic charge position and hydrophobicity of surfactants determine the nanovesicle interactions within the cell and, thus, the resulting toxicity and intracellular behaviour after cell uptake of the nanomaterial. The insights into some toxicity mechanisms of these new nanomaterials contribute in reducing the uncertainty surrounding their potential health hazards. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/17435390.2013.793779
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/131652
DOI10.3109/17435390.2013.793779
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