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Density, habitat selection and breeding success of an insular population of Barbary Falcon Falco peregrinus pelegrinoides

AuthorsRodríguez, Beneharo; Siverio, Manuel; Rodríguez, Airam ; Siverio, Felipe
KeywordsFalco peregrinus pelegrinoides
Habitat selection
Canary Islands
Issue Date2007
PublisherNederlandse Ornithologische Unie
CitationArdea 95(2): 213-223 (2007)
AbstractWe studied density, habitat selection and reproduction of Barbary Falcons Falco peregrinus pelegrinoides on Tenerife Island during 2004 and 2005. A total of 26 breeding pairs were counted, all of them occupying natural cliffs around the island. Density observed was 1.27 pairs/100 km2, and was positively correlated with cliff availability. Mean distance between neighbouring pairs was 5869 ± 3338 m, ranging from 1388-13 610 m; in some areas this value was as low as 2062 ± 673 m. Tenerife still shows potential for further increase regarding the observations of single females and the availability of potentially suitable but unoccupied cliffs. Falcons selected taller cliffs, more apart from roads and houses, near the coast, with lower presence of cultivated and urban areas, and associated with other cliff-nesting species. Stepwise discriminant analysis of habitat selection selected cliff height, nearest neighbour distance and distance to road, and correctly classified 71.1% of the cases. Productivity averaged 1.55 fledged young/pair and breeding success was 81.1%. No correlations were observed between habitat features and productivity. Since most territories are located in protected zones and human disturbance seems to be absent, special management measures are not necessary. However, further study into the biology of this population is required for effective and timely conservation of this species if need be.
Description11 pages, 3 figures, 5 tables.
Full-text version available Open Access at: http://www.ebd.csic.es/Airam/pdf/RODRIGUEZ_et_al._2007_Ardea.pdf
Publisher version (URL)http://nou.natuurinfo.nl/website/ardea/ardea_search3.php?key=nummer&keyin=95&k2=2
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