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Cranberry-derived phenolic metabolites and urinary tract infections

AuthorsSánchez-Patán, Fernando ; González de Llano, Dolores ; Fernández-Roblas, R.; Esteban, Jaime; Gadea, I.; Pérez-Tanoira, R.; Pérez-Jorge, C.; Esteban-Fernández, Adelaida ; Martín-Álvarez, Pedro J. ; Moreno-Arribas, M. Victoria ; Bartolomé, Begoña
Issue Date2015
Citation7th ICPH (2015)
AbstractThe beneficial effects of cranbeny products against urinary tract infections (UTIs) have been attributed, at least partly, to their A-type proanthocyanidin (PAC) content. A-type PACs have shown uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC)-anti-adhesive activity, although they are unlikely to appear in urine at relevant concentrations as they are poorly absorbed. One leading hypothesis is that PAC-derived metabolites present in urine would operate in the phase of UPEC adyherence to uroepithelial cells, preventing bacterial colonization. In addition to this, and as it is becoming evident that the intestine is a reservoir for uropathogenic bacteria, other hypothesis is that. A-type proanthocyanidins specifically decrease the transient intestinal colonisation b UPEC, consequently reducing the risk of UTI incidence. In any case, gut microbiota (and its inter-individual variability) seems to be an important factor to be considered. In this communication, we summarize our results from different approaches aimed to look into the mechanisms that are behind the protedive action of cranberry polyphenols against ITUs: 1)in vitro fermentations of cranbeny polyphenols with colonic microbiota, that were performed to access the microbial-derived metabolic profile of cranbeny polyphenols as well as their effect on gut microbiota survival, 2) an in vivo trial with model mouse intraurethral-inoculated wilh UPEC, that evaluated the effectiveness of cranbeny supplementation in bacterial infection as well as its impact on faecal phenolic metabolism and faecal microbiota, 3) testing the UPEC-antiadhesive capacity of cranbeny phenolic compounds and their metabolites in bladder epithelial cell culíures, and 4) ex vivo studies of UPEC-antiadhesive capacity of mice mines collected after cranbeny supplementation.
DescriptionResumen del póster presentado a la 7th International Conference on Polyphenols and Health, celebrada en Tours (Francia) del 27 al 30 de octubre de 2015.
Appears in Collections:(CIAL) Comunicaciones congresos
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