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The chloroplast NADPH thioredoxin reductase C, NTRC, controls non-photochemical quenching of light energy and photosynthetic electron transport in Arabidopsis

AutorNaranjo, Belén ; Mignée, Clara; Krieger-Liszkay, Anja; Hornero-Méndez, Dámaso ; Gallardo Guerrero, Lourdes ; Cejudo, Francisco Javier ; Lindahl, Marika
Palabras claveHigh light acclimation
Oxidative stress
Redox signalling
Fecha de publicación17-oct-2015
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónPlant, Cell & Environment: (2015)
ResumenHigh irradiances may lead to photo-oxidative stress in plants and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) contributes to protection against excess excitation. One of the NPQ mechanisms, qE, involves thermal dissipation of the light energy captured. Importantly, plants need to tune down qE under light-limiting conditions for efficient utilisation of the available quanta. Considering the possible redox control of responses to excess light implying enzymes, such as thioredoxins, we have studied the role of the NADPH thioredoxin reductase C (NTRC). Whereas Arabidopsis thaliana plants lacking NTRC tolerate high light intensities, these plants display drastically elevated qE, have larger trans-thylakoid ΔpH and ten-fold higher zeaxanthin levels under low and medium light intensities, leading to extremely low linear electron transport rates. To test the impact of the high qE on plant growth, we generated an ntrc-psbs double knockout mutant, which is devoid of qE. This double mutant grows faster than the ntrc mutant and has higher chlorophyll content. The photosystem II activity is partially restored in the ntrc-psbs mutant and linear electron transport rates under low and medium light intensities are twice as high as compared to plants lacking ntrc alone. These data uncover a new role for NTRC in the control of photosynthetic yield. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Descripción53 páginas; 11 figuras
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pce.12652
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