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PTEN counteracts PIP3 upregulation in spines during NMDA-receptor-dependent long-term depression

AuthorsArendt, Kristin L.; Benoist, Marion ; Lario, Argentina ; Drafin Jonathan E.; Muñoz, María; Esteban, José A.
Issue Date8-Oct-2014
PublisherCompany of Biologists
CitationJournal of Cell Science 127: 5253- 5260 (2014)
Abstract© 2014. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and PTEN have been shown to participate in synaptic plasticity during long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD), respectively. Nevertheless, the dynamics of phosphatidylinositol-(3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP3) and the regulation of its synthesis and degradation at synaptic compartments is far from clear. Here, we have used fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) imaging to monitor changes in PIP3 levels in dendritic spines from CA1 hippocampal neurons under basal conditions and upon induction of NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-dependent LTD and LTP. We found that PIP3 undergoes constant turnover in dendritic spines. Contrary to expectations, both LTD and LTP induction trigger an increase in PIP3 synthesis, which requires NMDARs and PI3K activity. Using biochemical methods, the upregulation of PIP3 levels during LTP was estimated to be twofold. However, in the case of LTD, PTEN activity counteracts the increase in PIP3 synthesis, resulting in no net change in PIP3 levels. Therefore, both LTP and LTD signaling converge towards PIP3 upregulation, but PTEN acts as an LTD-selective switch that determines the outcome of PIP3 accumulation.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1242/jcs.156554
issn: 1477-9137
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