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Title

A novel 3D absorption correction method for quantitative EDX-STEM tomography

AuthorsBurdet, Pierre; Saghi, Zineb; Filippin, Nicolas; Borrás, Ana ; Midgley, Paul A.
KeywordsEnergy dispersive X-rayspectrometry
Electron tomography
3D chemical analysis
Quantification
Absorption correction
Issue Date2016
PublisherElsevier
CitationUltramicroscopy, 160:118-129 (2016)
AbstractThis paper presents a novel 3D method to correct for absorption in energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) microanalysis of heterogeneous samples of unknown structure and composition. By using STEM-based tomography coupled with EDX, an initial 3D reconstruction is used to extract the location of generated X-rays as well as the X-ray path through the sample to the surface. The absorption correction needed to retrieve the generated X-ray intensity is then calculated voxel-by-voxel estimating the different compositions encountered by the X-ray. The method is applied to a core/shell nanowire containing carbon and oxygen, two elements generating highly absorbed low energy X-rays. Absorption is shown to cause major reconstruction artefacts, in the form of an incomplete recovery of the oxide and an erroneous presence of carbon in the shell. By applying the correction method, these artefacts are greatly reduced. The accuracy of the method is assessed using reference X-ray lines with low absorption.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultramic.2015.09.012
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/124741
DOI10.1016/j.ultramic.2015.09.012
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