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Genome-wide study of chromatin remodeling factor CHD8 role in transcription

AuthorsVázquez-Chávez, Elena; Subtil-Rodríguez, Alicia ; Rodríguez-Paredes, Manuel ; Ceballos-Chávez, María ; Martín-Subero, José Ignacio; Esteller, Manel; Reyes, José C.
Issue Date4-Sep-2012
Citation22nd IUBMB - 37th FEBS Congress (2012)
AbstractCHD8 (Chromodomain-Helicase-DNA binding protein 8) is a member of the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding (CHD) subfamily of enzymes, which also belongs to the SNF2 family of ATP-dependent chromatin remodelers. Previous studies of our group showed that depletion of CHD8 impairs cell proliferation. We also demonstrated that CHD8 controls the expression of cyclin E2 (CCNE2) and thymidylate synthetase (TYMS), two genes expressed in the G1/S transition of the cell cycle. In order to identify CHD8 target genes, in the present study we performed a ChIP-on-chip genome-wide analysis. The results show that CHD8 binds to over 1900 genes and its recruitment is preferentially located at transcription start site (TSS), first exon and first intron. Remarkably, ChIP-on-chip results show a great correlation between CHD8 occupancy and the presence of histone H3 di- and trimethylated at lysine 4 (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3) activation marks, suggesting that CHD8 is mainly involved in transcription activation. Interestingly, the analysis of annotated transcription factor binding sites in DNA sequence indicates that a high number of CHD8 target genes are also regulated by E2F, a transcription factor involved in cell cycle regulation. Remarkably, we can see by ChIP analysis that CHD8 is recruited to the promoters of a subset of E2F target genes in exponentially growing RPE1 cells. Moreover, we observe by RT-qPCR analysis that in CHD8-silenced cells transcription regulation is impaired. Ongoing studies will address the functional regulation and implications of CHD8 in coordination with E2F to regulate target genes and cell cycle.
DescriptionPóster presentado al 22nd IUBMB & 37th FEBS Congress: From Single Molecules to Systems Biology, celebrado en Sevilla (España) del 4 al 9 de septiembre de 2012
Appears in Collections:(CABIMER) Comunicaciones congresos
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