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The influence of single-walled carbon nanotube functionalization on the electronic properties of their polyaniline composites

AutorLafuente, Esperanza; Callejas, M. Alicia; Sainz, Raquel; Benito, Ana M. ; Maser, Wolfgang K. ; Sanjuán, M. L.; Saurel, Damien; Teresa, Jose María de; Martínez Fernández de Landa, María Teresa
Palabras claveCarbon Nanotubes
Fecha de publicación8-ago-2008
CitaciónCARBON 46 ( 2008 ) 1909 –1917
ResumenThe ‘‘in situ’’ preparation and characterization of composites of polyaniline (PANI) and single- walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are reported. To improve the dispersion and compatibility with the polymer matrix the raw SWCNTs were modified following different routes. SWCNTs oxidized by chemical or thermal treatments (nitric acid and air oxidation, respectively) were subjected to covalent functionalization with octadecylamine (ODA). SWCNT/PANI composites were prepared either from just oxidized SWCNTs, or from ODA functionalized SWCNTs. Temperature-programmed desorption, elemental analyses, ultraviolet– visible (UV–vis), UV–vis with near infrared and Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and conductivity measurements were used to characterize the functionalized SWCNT materials, dispersions and composites. The PANI composite prepared from air oxidized SWCNTs showed the best electrical conductivity indicating a better interaction with polyaniline than ODA functionalised SWCNTs. The improvement of conductivity is attributed to the doping effect or charge transfer of quinoide rings from PANI to SWCNTs.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2008.07.039
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