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Título

Horizontal gene transfer in evolution

Autor Boto, Luis
Palabras clave Horizontal gene transfer
Evolutionary mechanisms
Reticulated evolution
Tree of life
Fecha de publicación 14-ago-2015
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
Citación eLS: (2015)
ResumenThe concept of horizontal or lateral gene transfer (the non‐genealogical transmission of genetic material between organisms) was introduced in 1990s to explain the observed incongruence in phylogenetic reconstructions using different genes. Today, horizontal gene transfer is accepted as an important force modulating evolution of Bacteria, Archaea and unicellular eukaryotes, and evidence is rising for their role in the evolution of pluricellular eukaryotes (fungi, plants and animals). The realisation that horizontal gene transfer plays an important role in evolution of both, prokaryotes and eukaryotes, put in question the metaphor of the tree of life and the traditional view of evolution as a slow process. A more pluralistic approach to evolution is emerging that encompasses different evolutionary mechanisms operating at different levels of complexity.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0022835.pub2
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/121714
DOI10.1002/9780470015902.a0022835.pub2
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