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Friction term discretization and limitation to preserve stability and conservation in the 1D shallow-water model: Application to unsteady irrigation and river flow

AuthorsBurguete Tolosa, Javier ; García-Navarro, Pilar; Murillo, J.
Keywordsshallow water
source term
flow resistance
numerical models
river flow
numerical stability
Issue DateOct-2008
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 58 (4): 403-425 (2008)
AbstractFriction is one of the relevant forces included in the momentum equation of the 1D shallow-water model. This work shows that a pointwise discretization of the friction term unbalances this term with the rest of the terms in the equation in steady state. On the other hand, an upwind discretization of the friction term ensures the correct discrete balance. Furthermore, a conservative technique based on the limitation of the friction value is proposed in order to avoid unbounded values of the friction term in unsteady cases of advancing front over dry and rough surfaces. This limitation improves the quality of unsteady solutions in wet/dry fronts and guarantees the numerical stability in cases with dominant friction terms. The proposed discretization is validated in some test cases with analytical solution or with measured data and used in some practical cases.
DescriptionThe original version is available at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/2861/home
Publisher version (URL)http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/117868894/PDFSTART
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